Weight loss surgery is reserved for those who have met with their doctors and have been diagnosed as extremely overweight and at risk for serious health problems related to their weight. Generally, male candidates for weight loss surgery are at least 100 pounds overweight and female candidates are at least 80 pounds overweight.
Types of Weight Loss Surgery
There are several types of weight loss surgery, and every candidate must discuss with their physicians which procedure is appropriate for their weight condition. Some options are:
· Lap banding or laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB). This is the least invasive and the least altering of the weight loss surgeries. A laparoscope is used to place a band around the stomach opening. The band is adjustable and can even be removed in the future if the patient desires. After a lap band procedure, patients can expect their overall weight-loss to average as much as 45% – 75% over a two-year period.
· Roux-en-y gastric bypass. During surgery, a small stomach pouch is created by closing off part of the stomach, then bypassing the duodenum, and connecting the stomach pouch to the center portion of the small intestine. As a result, the amount of food the stomach can hold and the amount of calories that the digestive system is able to absorb are both reduced. Those who have undergone Roux-en-y surgery can expect 62% – 68% weight loss over the course of a year.
· Sleeve gastrectomy. This surgery reduces the size of the stomach by creating a sleeve or tube with it and then removing a portion of the stomach altogether. The gastric sleeve not only holds less food, but also does not produce as much ghrelin, a hormone that signals hunger. Those who undergo sleeve gastrectomy can expect as much as a 33% weight loss over the course of a year.
What You Should Know
As with any surgical procedure, there are risks involved in weight loss surgery. Additionally, weight loss surgery is something that you will need to prepare for physically and emotionally. If you are considering weight loss surgery, you should know that it is life-altering and will require a significant change in your dietary habits. Weight loss surgery drastically reduces the amount of food your stomach is physically able to hold, requiring you to learn new eating habits to accommodate your surgically altered digestive system. Be sure to seek help not only from your doctor and nutritionist, but also from a counselor or support group.
We’d Like to Help You Achieve Your Weight Loss Goals
The Medical Center Arlington Weight Loss Center wants to help you achieve your weight loss goals. Please contact us online or by calling 817-472-4934 to find out about our next information session. You can also learn more about our weight loss services here. We are eager to develop a customized solution for you.